Former environment secretary urges successor not to drop nature-friendly farming scheme | Farming

A former environment secretary has urged the UK government not to drop its nature recovery farming schemes, as the Guardian can reveal the more ambitious parts of the post-EU subsidy programme are set to be dropped.

George Eustice made the intervention, telling the Guardian that farmers are keen to be signed up to schemes in which they improve biodiversity, and that his replacement, Ranil Jayawardena, should not scrap them.

When the UK was in the EU, farmers were paid subsidies based on the area of land they managed. The government decided post-Brexit that farmers in England should be paid for providing “public goods” rather than for the amount of land they use. The Environment land management scheme (Elms), devised by the former environment secretary Michael Gove, was aimed at encouraging farmers to create space for rare species, as well as to increase carbon absorption to help England reach its net zero target.

Last week, it was revealed by the Observer that the future of the subsidy programme was under threat as it was placed in a review with the emphasis to be on productivity rather than nature recovery.

The Guardian now understands that the review is set to strip the nature recovery parts of the scheme. There are currently three prongs to Elms. One is the sustainable farming incentive (SFI), which gives farmers money for farming in a sustainable way, such as looking after animals properly and improving soil health by using cover crops and not using as many pesticides. Local nature recovery (LNR) is about creating woodlands, wetlands, hedgerows, and working with local nature groups to do so. Finally, landscape recovery (LR) is where large landowners or clusters of farmers work with the government to create ambitious rewilding schemes.

It is understood LR and LNR are under threat, the two parts of the scheme that are about improving biodiversity and a key part of meeting the country’s net zero target.

Eustice urged the government to keep the schemes, which are due to replace an existing nature programme called countryside stewardship. He said: “We now have 33,000 farmers in countryside stewardship agreements. That’s about 40% of all farmers covering circa half of farm land. There was a 40% increase in demand for it last year. I always insisted we should just loosen the reins and let the budget follow the demand for that scheme whatever it might be. If they believe in markets they should let the budget follow the demand.”

He added that his plan would have made sure farmers had a smooth transition into ambitious nature recovery schemes, which would have improved the environment and helped farmers get their subsidies.

“We had planned to simply convert all existing CS agreements into LNR agreements in 2024 to give the smoothest possible transition and have a major scheme that already has perhaps more than half of farmers in it. It would have been a great example of evolution rather than stop-start revolution. Rather than make everyone get off the CS train and make a connection for LNR, they would stay on the same train and arrive at LNR. But if they choke the budget on CS, they will ruin that plan and send everything in reverse,” he said.

Farmers have also spoken out about the government’s plans.

James Robinson, an organic dairy farmer from the Lake District, said: “The local nature recovery part of Elms has the potential to make the biggest change to habitat and biodiversity. It can join up neighbouring farms through existing linked habitats such as rivers and woodland, it can challenge farms to do something really positive at a farm level.

“As farmers, we are in a unique and privileged position to do something really special for biodiversity, new wildlife habitats, clean air and water, flood mitigation and carbon sequestration, all of which improves our local community. And by getting farmers seeing the benefits of farming alongside nature, we can show the government, businesses and consumers that it’s the only truly sustainable way to farm.”

Jake Fiennes, conservation manager at the Holkham national nature reserve and farm in north Norfolk, said: “The only way we are going to make this work is if nature is integrated into our agribusinesses. People who have invested in natural capital have actually improved and been groundbreaking in the recovery of nature. If we are to see turbocharged nature recovery within our farmed landscapes we need the schemes to be a significant reward to farmers.

“Less productive land should be given for the recovery of nature and farmers should be rewarded for it. The government must keep its nature recovery schemes and fund them properly.”

Jayawardena is expected to outline some of his priorities for farming at the Conservative party conference, including an emphasis on growing more British lettuce and expanding the use of glasshouses.

The Guardian asked a No 10 source multiple times whether they were committed to local nature recovery and landscape recovery schemes, but they refused to answer. Instead, they said that they committed to the broad idea of farming schemes and reforms.

They said: “The prime minister is committed to continuing the recovery of British nature. There are no plans to scrap our farming schemes.”


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Iloilo enacts first renewable energy ordinance in PH – Manila Bulletin

Iloilo enacts first renewable energy ordinance in PH

ILOILO CITY – The provincial government of Iloilo recently enacted the first renewable energy ordinance in the country.

THE façade of the Iloilo Provincial Capitol in Iloilo City is illuminated in red during the commemoration of World Heart Day recently. (Tara Yap)

The Iloilo Provincial Board approved the Iloilo Provincial Ordinance of Renewable Energy of 2022 (I-PORE 2022) as the counterpart for Republic Act No. 9513 or the Renewable Energy Act.

“Aside from reducing consumption, the use of renewable energy contributes to climate change mitigation efforts,” said Iloilo Gov. Arthur Defensor Jr.

Initially introduced by Provincial Board Member Rolando “Rolly” Distura, I-PORE mandates barangays and the 42 towns and component city of Passi to identify possible sites for renewable energy projects with incentives.

With the adoption of I-PORE 2022, Defensor said there will be an annual budget for its implementation.

Prior to the passage of I-PORE, the Iloilo provincial government implemented the Development of Renewable Energy Applications Mainstreaming and Market Sustainability (DREAMS) Project at the Iloilo Provincial Hospital in Pototan.

The hospital managed by the provincial government is the pilot hospital site for DREAMS, a project of the Department of Energy (DOE) in partnership with the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP).

In September 2016, a solar power plant started operating in Miag-ao. The 15-hectare power plant of Cosmo Solar Energy Inc. (CSEI) generates 5.7 megawatt (MWs) of power.

Defensor said the province is also looking into other renewable sources, including the much-awaited hydro-power plant that is an offshoot of the Iloilo mega dam project in Calinog.

 

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Roadside grass cutting to be reduced to protect environment

Infrastructure minister John O’Dowd has revealed plans to reduce roadside cutting in a bid to protect the environment.

From next year a single swathe will be cut along the verges on the strategic road network twice a year.

The Department for Infrastructure (DfI) is currently responsible for cutting grass to prevent overgrowth onto footways and carriageways and to stop obstruction of sightlines and traffic signs.

The department said the new approach increases its focus on protecting wildlife and promoting biodiversity when managing roadside verges and “will support the actions needed to comply with the Climate Change Bill passed by the assembly earlier this year”.

Mr O’Dowd said his department cuts about 45,000km of verges every year.

The Stormont minister said “we all have a responsibility to protect the environment” adding that “it is something I take very seriously”.

“This new approach aims to maintain the right balance between road safety and the control of grass and weeds while achieving a greater focus on environmental protection,” he said.

“I am determined to do all that I can to protect and create important habitats for wildlife, and the change that I am introducing will deliver on the commitments of my department in support of the All-Ireland Pollinator Plan and is consistent with the aims of the National Pollinator Strategy.”

Mr O’Dowd said the challenges faced by nature must be tackled.

“The introduction of these new measures along with leaving suitable areas of grass uncut and the planting of wildflowers will help nature and protect the environment,” he said.

“We must do all that we can to address the very real climate and nature emergency.”

The minister urged others to follow his department’s example.

“It is well known that many other people and organisations cut roadside grass and I would take this opportunity to encourage them to consider if this is necessary, and where possible they should adopt a similar approach to what I have introduced for the benefit of the environment,” he said.

Jennifer Fulton, CEO of Ulster Wildlife said: “With many pollinator species in decline, roadside verges can provide a home and important food source for pollinators such as bees, butterflies and many other species.

“If managed sensitively, our verges have the potential to create a valuable nature recovery network making a positive contribution to the biodiversity and climate crises.

“Management is key – cutting less and cutting later.”

Ms Fulton said that while some road verges need to be cut for safety “it is important not to cut more frequently than necessary”.

“Most verges are cut in summer but where possible cutting should be left until autumn when flowers have set seed and pollinators are less active,” she said.

“It is very encouraging to see DfI taking positive steps to manage its land for nature.”


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Vast former industrial sites set to be one of UK’s largest urban nature reserves

  • The Flashes of Wigan and Leigh set to become one of the biggest urban nature reserves with new declaration
  • 738-hectare green beacon close to major urban areas will provide access to nature for over 300,000 local people
  • Nationally important habitat will help protect rare willow tits, bitterns and water voles

A former industrial wasteland which is now a nationally important site for rare wildlife such as willow tit and bittern is set to become one of England’s largest urban nature reserves.

The Flashes of Wigan and Leigh – a 738-hectare area of species-rich wetland, meadows and woodlands – will today (3 October) join England’s network of National Nature Reserves.

The designation, which will be the first in the Greater Manchester area, recognises the incredible transformation of the Flashes over the last 100 years. Lakes formed as a result of mining subsidence became home to wildlife like the ‘booming bittern’ as natural recolonisation and large-scale reclamation works healed the scars of industry.

The former industrial landscape is declared not only for its importance in protecting wildlife and natural capital but for its recreational value to the community. It is hoped the site, which is home to a variety of pursuits from fishing to cycling, nature walks and birdwatching, will provide new opportunities for sustainable tourism and visits from local residents and those further afield.

The new protected reserve will create an oasis for nature, with Wigan also now recognised as one of the greenest urban boroughs in the United Kingdom. The mosaic of shallow open water and wetland habitats (swamp, reedbed, tall herb fen, wet marshy grassland and wet woodland) supports a rich diversity of birds and other species. This includes over 52 pairs of willow tit, accounting for approximately 2% of England’s population, as well as the heron-like bittern, water voles and great crested newts.

Natural England Chief Executive, Marian Spain said:

National Nature Reserves help reconnect people with our natural world, providing much needed opportunities to explore our incredible landscape for our health and wellbeing.

A healthy natural environment and economic growth go hand in hand. By working together to build strong partnerships such as those we see here in the Flashes of Wigan and Leigh, we can provide space for rare species and provide vital greenspace. That will make Wigan and Leigh great places to live and great places to do business in, so helping to attract inward investment.

The unique wetlands in Wigan and Leigh were forged by nature reclaiming former industrial land. Today’s designation demonstrates how it is possible to reverse the decline in nature.

Nature underpins the British economy with our natural capital estimated in 2019 to be worth £1.2 trillion. The site will benefit over 300,000 people who live locally to the area, making sure communities and young people have accessible outdoor space for health, recreation, and wellbeing.

Working in partnership with communities has been key to realising this new National Nature Reserve. Declared by Natural England with Wigan Council, Lancashire Wildlife Trust and Forestry England, the NNR brings together a total of 13 sites, including Wigan Flashes, Amberswood, Three Sisters, and Bickershaw Country Park. It also includes Viridor woodland, planted by Forestry England just over 20 years ago.

National Nature Reserves were established to protect some of the most important habitats for vulnerable species, and to provide ‘outdoor laboratories’ for research. They create vital opportunities for the public, schools, and specialist interest groups to experience wildlife first-hand and to learn more about nature conservation .

This year is the 70th anniversary of the creation of England’s first nature reserve – highlighting a long history of restoring nature and helping to bring green space and wildlife to everyone.

There are now 220 National Nature Reserve sites, spanning a total of more than 103,000 hectares. These nature hotspots are key to efforts to restore nature across England, and will play a key role in the nation’s nature recovery network in line with the Government’s key target to halt the decline in wildlife populations by 2030.


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Kileleshwa bar operators, patrons arrested after Alai’s noise pollution complaint » Capital News

NAIROBI, Kenya, Oct 2 – Police on Sunday arrested operators and patrons of various bars in Kileleshwa following a noise pollution complaint made by area Member of the County Assembly (MCA) Robert Alai.

According to a police report, those arrested were from Oyster bar, Bar Next door, Club 909, Kettle Bar and Onex bar.

The report indicated that “a total of 11 people were arrested and a total of 15 pots of shisha were confiscated.”

“The suspects are held in custody and exhibit are held by NEMA officials. they will be arraigned before the City Court on Monday.”

The crackdown follow a complaint by Alai who sought for the regulation of entertainment joints within the area.

“On behalf of the residents of Kileleshwa ward, I wish to plead with your able office to immediately reign in on the listed entertainment joints that are not only being a nuisance through noise and air pollution but are also becoming a den of prostitution, drug peddlers and other social delinquents,” he stated.

In a letter addressed to the Director – Liquor Licensing, Alai said that the area residents had informed him that they had on more than one occasion petitioned the Nairobi City County over the matter, though without much success.

He added that a prompt action would be much appreciated as the listed clubs look like they are above every known law or regulation in the city.

“As you may be aware, the physical planning act defines “residential area” or “residential zone” as any area or zone restricted for use exclusively for residential purposes and includes land reserved for open spaces, sports grounds or land reserved for public purposes,” he wrote.

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“When a night club sets up shop in a residential area, it has a responsibility to ensure that they conduct their business in a manner that does not violate the rights of the residents of that area or zone,” he added.

Alai further said that the rights and freedoms of club owners must be balanced with those of residents and so any claim by residents that there’s noise emanating from the clubs, and which in any way affect the safety and comfort of the residents amounts to offence under the EMCA noise pollution regulations.

“The constitution of Kenya under Article 42 provides that every person has a right to a clean and healthy environment, and this includes the right to have the environment protected for the benefit of present and future generations,” he wrote.

 “The quiet environment free from noise and vibration pollution is recognized as clean and healthy. When nightclubs are allowed to operate in a manner that causes excessive noise and vibration, that might lead to injury of the body and disruption of peace and comfort enjoyed by the residents of a particular residential area. It is for this reason that there is a need to regulate the levels of noise and vibrations.”

Other clubs listed include iBury, Numero 5, Viva Lounge, The Monk, Bwibo Restaurant, Sufra Gardens, Haven’s Lounge and Hera Aqua Garden.




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King Charles has ‘other priorities’ than climate now, says environment minister | King Charles III

King Charles should not go to Cop27 and instead send Prince William in his place, an environment minister has said, after reports that Liz Truss intervened to stop the monarch attending.

Buckingham Palace confirmed that Charles will not be attending the international gathering in the Red Sea resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, despite his longstanding and passionate commitment to environmental issues.

The Sunday Times reported that the decision not to go was taken after theprime minister raised objections during an audience with the monarch at the Palace last month.

Mark Spencer, the new minister for fisheries and farming, said Prince William should go instead as the King now has “other priorities”.

Spencer, speaking at a Conservative Environment Network event at the Conservative Conference on Sunday said: “I’m not in charge of the king’s diary, luckily. He’s expressed a great deal of interest in the environment in the past, but I think in his new role, as the as the monarch is going to have a lot of other priorities, and I think as he said himself he’s up for others to take up that challenge.”

He said he thought Prince William should take up the mantle: “I’m sure the Prince of Wales will be a huge ambassador for the environment, moving forward.”

Prince William has taken on some of the King’s work on the environment including work on rainforests and species conservation.

During the platinum jubilee celebrations in June, the new Prince of Wales delivered a speech after pictures of the planet were projected on to Buckingham Palace.

William said at the time: “As I watch those extraordinary images, it does make me think of all the monumental and pioneering work of so many visionary environmentalists that have gone before.

“I’m so proud that my grandfather and my father have been part of those efforts.”

Spencer’s ministerial colleague, levelling up secretary Simon Clarke, denied claims Truss ordered the King to stay away from the event in Egypt next month.

He said the decision had been mutually agreed by the government and the Palace, telling Times Radio: “It’s been clear this is a decision that has been made consensually between the King and the Government.

“That is a decision that has been made amicably, as far as I am aware, between the Palace and the government. The suggestions this morning that he was ordered to stay away are simply not true.”

No 10 denied it earlier in the day, with a source said it is “ridiculous” to suggest that the prime minister “gives orders” to the monarch.

The monarch is a veteran campaigner on environmental issues, and it was expected he may attend the summit. He addressed the Cop26 summit in Glasgow the previous year, and the Prince of Wales spoke at the event, with the Queen also recording an opening address urging world leaders to take action on climate change.

However, a government source confirmed the pair “considered separately and then agreed jointly” that there might be “more suitable options” for Charles’s first overseas visit as monarch.

Clarke said: “I think it is very different when you are the host country for a major event like Cop to have the head of state involved as opposed to the head of state going to what is an event being hosted in Egypt.

“It is the normal course of matters that this would be handled by the government rather than by the monarchy.”

Some have speculated that this move by Truss to advise the monarch not to attend the event signals she may not be prioritising net zero commitments.

However, Spencer said the government was “committed to net zero” and that it understood the “huge economic opportunities” the policy has.

Despite not attending the event in person, it is understood that the King still hopes to be able to contribute to the conference in some way.

While Boris Johnson became an enthusiastic advocate for the cause of net zero, Truss is thought to be more sceptical of the green agenda, as she has announced plans to achieve growth by loosening environmental regulations and restarting fracking.


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King Charles III Nixes Trip To Environmental Conference in Egypt

King Charles III will not attend the United Nations Climate Change Conference in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt next month, as per the Associated Press. While his attendance was never confirmed, he did attend last year’s summit in Glasgow, Scotland, and gave the opening speech at the 2015 meeting in Paris. The Guardian reported that he was invited to return this year. Having now ascended to the British throne, however, Charles’s travel, particularly to events that could be construed as political, is more limited. “Heavy is the head that wears the crown,” as Shakespeare famously didn’t write

British news outlets have reported that new Prime Minister Liz Truss objected to his attendance at the conference when the two met at Buckingham Palace. Naturally, unnamed sources close to the King have denied that there is any sort of disagreement. 

British law prevents the King from engaging in anything deemed political, and overseas visits are worked on in accordance with advice from the government. In other words, the King needs a hall pass. 

As Prince, Charles was well-regarded as an advocate for environmentalist causes. Among other actions, he initiated The Prince’s May Day Network, which encourages businesses to take action against climate change. In 2020 he launched the Sustainable Markets Initiative at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, which is committed to linking economic growth to environmental sustainability. He also famously talks to plants

Charles apparently pumping the breaks on his environmental activism confirms the worry of many climate journalists. National Geographic published a lengthy “what happens now?” piece just a few weeks after Queen Elizabeth’s death. (It also traces Charles’s involvement with conservation causes back to 1968, featuring some striking photos.)

Earlier in the month, the BBC reported that the King’s “friends and advisers say he will not cool on the issue of global warming.” But as the National Geographic piece pointed out, the new King has long been well-aware of changes coming his way. “Clearly I won’t be able to do the same things I’ve done as heir. So, of course, you operate within the constitutional parameters. But it’s a different function. I think people have forgotten that the two are very different,” he said in a  2018 interview. 


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Two factories in Beranang probed for dumping pollutants in Sungai Kabul

SELANGOR Water Management Authority (Luas) has opened investigation papers on two factories in Beranang after substances resembling the pollutants in Sungai Kabul were found on their premises.

In a statement, Selangor tourism and environment exco member Hee Loy Sian said Luas detected frothy white substances flowing in Sungai Kabul at 11.30am on Saturday (Oct 1), during its routine monitoring at Sungai Langat basin.

Based on investigations by Luas, the Environment Department and Kajang Municipal Council (MPKj), he said substances of the same colour detected in Sungai Kabul were found in a factory that supplies construction material and park equipment in Kawasan Perindustrian Mahkota.

Similarly, he said Luas and MPKj suspected an aluminium factory of discharging frothy effluent into a nearby drain.

“Water samples from the last discharge points from inside and outside both factories have been taken and sent to the Chemistry Department for analysis.

“Odour and physical condition of the river is normal. Air Selangor did not report any disruption at water treatment plants (WTP).

“Estimated distance from the suspected sources of pollution to the three nearest WTP inlets are 17km to the Semenyih WTP, 29km to the Bukit Tampoi WTP and 40km to the Labohan Dagang WTP,” he said, adding that the authorities were monitoring the situation.

Hee said the investigation papers were opened under Section 79(1) of the Luas Enactment 1999, in which the premises owner faces a minimum fine of RM200,000 and a maximum of RM1mil and jail of not less than three years if found guilty.




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RSPB Calls Government Proposal To Relax Planning Restrictions An ‘Attack On Nature’

The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds (RSPB) has hit out at the UK’s Conservative Party for potentially “tearing up fundamental protections for wildlife.”

As part of the mini-budget announced on September 23, newly-appointed chancellor of the exchequer Kwasi Kwarteng announced plans to set up low tax investment zones with relaxed planning restrictions in parts of England.

The government may also put a stop to a scheme that would incentivize farmers to help preserve and enhance wildlife areas. 

Taking to Twitter after the announcements, the RSPB, a leading conservation charity, described this action by the government as an “attack on nature,” adding: “If they carry out their plans, nowhere will be safe.”

It said that plans could “potentially tear up the most fundamental legal protections our remaining wildlife has.”

It went on to explain that the country’s most vulnerable waterways, wildlife, and green spaces are facing the biggest threat “in decades.”

The RSPB said we are entering “unchartered territory,” highlighting that we are in the midst of a nature and climate crisis. 

It is urging the public to contact their MPs to voice their concerns over the plan.

What is the government planning?

At present, the plans for 38 “investment zones” appear to be vague. 

A fact sheet published on September 23 reads: “The need for planning applications will be minimized and where planning applications remain necessary, they will be radically streamlined… We will set out further detail on the liberalized planning offer for Investment Zones in due course.”

The RSPB has also stated that the government is “intent on amending or scrapping crucial environmental laws.” These include the Habitats Regulations, which protect some of the most vulnerable wildlife and green places in England. 

The Environmental Land Management Scheme, under which farmers were paid to manage land in a way that was beneficial to the environment, also looks set to be scrapped

It was conceived by former environment secretary Michael Gove and would have encouraged farmers to create safe spaces for birds and dormice, as well as promote practices that help us move toward net zero. 

Speaking to the Observer, Labour MP and shadow farming minister Daniel Zeichner described the plans as a “complete step back from their promises.” He added: “to tear it up without any consultation would be nothing short of mindless vandalism.”

Jeff Knott, the RSPB’s director of policy and advocacy, said in a statement: “One of these three government actions alone would be a disaster – taken together, in such quick succession, with no debate or scrutiny, amounts to one of the most brazen attacks on nature we have ever seen.”

The government slammed by nature groups

The RSPB isn’t the only group hitting out at the government. 

The National Trust, a charity that looks after large areas of land in the UK, said in a statement: “Rather than ramp up action to support our environment, this government appears, however, to be heading in the opposite direction.”

“The new Investment Zones represent a free-for-all for nature and heritage.”

In a tweet in support of the RSPB, the Wildlife Trusts stated: “Make no mistake – we are also incredibly angry.”

“We stand with RSPB England in calling out the unprecedented attack on nature launched by the UK government over the last few days. We’ll be challenging this together and asking for our supporters to stand with us.”




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Know how to get valid PUC certificate for your car

Vehicle owners in the national capital will now have to produce a valid pollution under certificate to get fuel at filling stations from October 25. 

In a bid to check the pollution levels in Delhi, the AAP government has directed that petrol and diesel will not be provided at fuel pumps without a valid PUC certificate from October 25. 

Petrol pump owners and their staff have expressed apprehension that they would face difficulty dealing with customers and have asked for civil defence volunteers and cops to be deployed for dealing with people who may insist on getting their tanks filled, reported Times of India. 

Environment Minister Gopal Rai said a notification in this regard will also be issued soon and the modalities of the plan will become clear in a week’s time.

According to the Delhi Transport Department, over 17 lakh vehicles, including 13 lakh two-wheelers and three lakh cars, were plying without valid PUC certificates till July 2022.

If caught without a valid PUC certificate, vehicle owners may face imprisonment up to six months or fine up to Rs 10,000 or both as per the Motor Vehicles Act.

The minister said all government departments have also been advised to get PUC certificates of their vehicles checked.

What is PUC certificate?

The PUC certificate validates that the emissions from a vehicle are under the pollution norms set by the government. It evaluates the percentage of carbon emissions that your car/motorcycle may contribute to the environment. The certificate shows that the emissions are in order and do not harm the environment. To obtain the PUC certificate, the vehicle has to undergo a test that evaluates the vehicle’s emission levels and checks whether it follows the pollution norms or not. 

How to get a PUC certificate?

Step 1: Take your car to the nearest emission testing centre

Step 2: The operator will inspect the exhaust pipe and check the emission levels of your car. 

Step 3: Pay the fee of Rs 61-100 as requested by the operator. 

Rai said the Delhi government will launch its 24×7 war room on October 3 to combat pollution and ensure effective and serious implementation of the winter action plan and the amended Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) — a set of anti-air pollution measures followed in the capital and its vicinity according to the severity of the situation.

Under the revised GRAP, curbs can be imposed on polluting activities for up to three days in advance based on forecasts.

Earlier, authorities would implement the measures only after the concentration of PM2.5 and PM10 touched a particular threshold.

This time, restrictions will be based on Air Quality Index (AQI) values rather than PM2.5 and PM10 concentrations.

In Delhi, a 15-point action plan has been prepared against pollution, which will be implemented with strictness, and all departments have been directed to remain prepared on alert mode for the same, the minister said.


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